Find out how to create a stunning vertical garden in an indoor or outdoor space of any size.
Are you looking to make creative use of your outdoor space? Are you inspired by the latest innovative techniques to make the most of all available outdoor growing areas?
If this sounds like you, then you might be interested in vertical planting.
What is vertical planting?
Vertical planting can also be known as vertical gardening. Alternatively, an area with vertical planting is known as a vertical garden. A vertical garden can also be known as a green wall, living wall or moss wall.
It is a special approach to planting where the plants are grown vertically, usually supported by a hydroponic suspended panel or a simple trellis.
This kind of planting can be done as a freestanding display or on a wall that is already present.
Indoor vertical planting
As the outdoor indoor trend has exploded over the last few years, designers find new and exciting ways to include living displays in the home. The houseplant trend has dominated that space, but living walls are certainly present as a stunning alternative if you truly want a WOW statement in your home.
The benefits of an indoor vertical wall are; the aesthetic, the air cleaning and the mental health benefits of having a living plant in your home.
Outdoor vertical planting
Outdoor vertical planting tends to involve a different aesthetic to an indoor wall. With an outdoor vertical wall, you’re likely to see strong, lush plants like vines, moss and alpines.
These kinds of walls are used to create visual impact, but they can also be really handy in protecting your home or outdoor buildings from bad weather and providing fruits in the case of fruiting vines. They also improve local biodiversity and can even help to reduce the outdoor noise that pollutes your living space.
How to grow a garden vertically
If you’re inspired to grow a lush and beautiful vertical garden you have lots of options:
- Vegetable or fruit
- Green vines
The different types
The most basic green walls are a simple case of allowing shrubs and vines to climb up onto a wall. This is called direct greening.
There is also the option of indirect greening which is where there is a specially made system for the plant to use which usually has special spacing between the climbing sections to provide plant aeration.
Both of those options involve growth from the soil up.
There is also something called a living wall system which involves planter sections where plants that do not climb can be placed. This usually requires some level of sophisticated irrigation because watering in a standard way is impractical.
Which option is right for you?
The right option for you depends on your budget and skills. The cheapest option is direct greening because you only need some low-cost climbing plants and a wall for your plants to grow up.
If you want to put a little more time and effort in, then the indirect greening and living wall systems could work. With indirect greening, you only need to be able to put a trellis or similar system up. The plants can then work their way up onto it.
Living walls get a bit more complex because you need the wall or structure to be able to support your plants. You also need to think more logistically. There are some very cheap grow bag setups for vertical gardening or special panels with planters attached that are very easy to install. If you’re willing to put the time in you can DIY a living wall but you have to be very careful to maintain its safety and to maintain the construction underneath.
Paying a professional
You can of course pay for a professional installation with a company that specialises in biophilia and living walls. These systems can be extremely elaborate and can involve all kinds of fancy design features like rainwater irrigation and even turning or moving features.
Which plants are best for living walls?
It all depends on where you’re planting. If the wall is indoors you need to think about the humidity, light and draughts in that space. If you are planting outside you will need to consider the amount of sunshine the wall receives and how affected by the wind. It’s a great idea to choose wall plants that need similar care to make the maintenance as easy as possible.
Edible vertical gardens
If you want to encourage a better human and nature relationship in your garden, you may want to consider creating an edible vertical garden. With direct and indirect greening you can simply buy vining plants that also provide fruit for an easy edible wall.
If you have a full living wall then you can go for it with the edible aspect. Herbs, fruits, veggies and trailing fruiting plants can all be great additions to a full living wall. As long as the irrigation is good then you’ll be able to create an amazing vertical garden of Eden if you want to. At the very least it is a wonderful way to add colour and interest to your wall, and at most your whole family will benefit from the amazing aesthetic and produce the wall brings.
Hopefully, you’re feeling inspired to create a vertical garden inside and outside your home. With the right conditions, it can add a truly unique look to any space, as well as benefiting the environment and even your wellbeing.
If you would love more tips on eco-friendly gardening and creating a beautiful outdoor space, check out the Wezaggle blog. We’re always updating it full of useful information and tips to help you stay in the know when it comes to the best and most exciting gardening practices.